In general, the keyword “road furniture” includes all the road markers and objects on the roadside that are use for the control and safety of traffic in addition to the things that assist drivers travelling on the road. Road furniture products offer drivers the most significant warnings, directional information, rules and distance details for them to have a safer road trip. Other than the mentioned roadside objects there are particular types of known as the nonessential road elements, they are tourist information signs, telephone booths, trash receptacles and mailboxes.
To help promote the welfare of drivers, this article will talk about the several essential types of road furniture.
Type #1: Road Signs
The most significant type of road furniture are the road signs. They provide aid and guide on controlling traffic related happenings. They include directional signs, informational signs, and warning signs. The directional signs help drivers identify the directions and distances of cities and towns. The informational signs on the other hand present the location of restaurants, rest areas, gas stations and hospitals. And lastly, the warning or caution signs indicate unusual or hazardous road conditions like icy roads, low shoulders or sharp curves.
Type #2: Raised Road Markers
This type of road furniture reflects the vehicle headlights, which designates the drivers’ path in the event of low lighting conditions. For the non-reflective road markers, they are use to enhance road markers, and when needed replace painted highway lines. In addition, they also serve as warning about the changes on errant lane through the loud noise and the vibration produced in case they got in contact with the tires of the vehicles. Temporary road markers also represent the resurfacing projects and the traffic lanes during construction.
Type #3: Safety Barriers
This type of road warning is used to prevent or physically stop an out of control automobiles from getting away from the roadway. The wire rope or metal made guardrails are considered the simplest. And those heavy vehicle barricades can resist the greater weight loads and higher intensity impacts. Another way to protect passenger using this road furniture are the crash cushions that protects on road collisions against obstacles in the highway like the bridge piers and concrete construction barriers.
Type #4: Guideposts
Another type is the guideposts that signal an upcoming curves, changes and hazards in the roadway direction. They have short poles installed in sequence on the road. You can identify these guideposts by the coloured reflectors marking steep hills or the sudden turns that most of the times are not visible to the drivers until they are near to it. They also help on the estimation of turning distances or safe passing.
Type #5: Light and Utility Poles
To illuminate walkways and roads at night, the raised light source coming from light poles are often used. Its design has photosensitive cells that automatically trigger road furniture to turn on and off when it is dusk, dawn, or on inclement weather condition. Utility poles in single rows support telecommunications cables and electrical powers safely above the highways, roads and streets.